x
Chess - Play & Learn

Chess.com

FREE - In Google Play

FREE - in Win Phone Store

VIEW

World Championship Contenders: Matches and Tournaments

Chessking47
Apr 19, 2012, 12:28 PM 0

Unofficial Champions (pre-1886)

The first match that was agreed to be the first World Championship match was Johannes Zukertort (defendant, winner of 1883 London tournament) vs. Wilhelm (William) Steinitz (challenger). However, there were reigning masters before this match, and those were unofficial champions. Such masters are:

WILHELM STEINITZ (1836-1900)

Tournament Results (Notes, Tournament Name, Date, Place, Score)

 

DateLocationPlaceScoreNotes
1859 Viennachampionship 3rd  ??? Behind Carl Hamppe and Eduard Jenay.
1860 Vienna championship 2nd  ??? Hamppe won.
1861 Vienna championship 1st 30/31  
1862 London International Tournament 6th 8/13 Behind Adolf AnderssenLouis PaulsenJohn OwenGeorge Alcock MacDonnell and Serafino Dubois.
Draws were not scored in this tournament. Steinitz was awarded the brilliancy prize for his win over Augustus Mongredien.
1862 London championship 1st 7/7  
1865 Dublin 1st-2nd 3½/4 Tied with MacDonnell.
1866 London handicap tournament 1st 8/9 Steinitz won against Cecil Valentine De Vere (2-1), MacDonnell (2-0), Mocatta (2-0) - Steinitz gave odds of pawn and move, and in the final S. Green (2-0) - Steinitz gave odds of pawn and two moves.
1867 Dundeehandicap tournament 1st-2nd 3/3 Tied with J.C. Fraser. Steinitz won against MacDonnell (1-0), Keating (1-0) - Steinitz gave odds of a knight, and Scott (1-0) - Steinitz gave odds of a knight.
1867 Dundee 2nd 7/9 Behind Neumann (7½/9); ahead of MacDonnell, De Vere, Joseph Henry Blackburne, Robertson, J.C. Fraser, G.B. Fraser, Hamel and Spens.
1867 Paris 3rd (+18 −3 =3) Draws counted as zero; third behind Ignaz von Kolisch (+20 −2 =2) and Szymon Winawer (+19 −4 =1); ; ahead of Gustav Neumann, De Vere, Jules Arnous de RivièreHieronim Czarnowski,Celso Golmayo ZúpideSamuel RosenthalSam Loyd, D'Andre, Martin Severin From, andEugène Rousseau.
1870 Baden-Baden 2nd 12½/18 Behind Anderssen (13/18); ahead of Neumann, Blackburne, Louis Paulsen, De Vere, Szymon Winawer, Rosenthal and Johannes von Minckwitz.
1872 London 1st 7½/8 Ahead of Blackburne (5/8), Johannes Zukertort, MacDonnell and De Vere.
1873 Vienna 1st-2nd 10/11: 20½/25 Tied with Blackburne (10/11: 22½/30) and won the play-off 2-0; ahead of Anderssen (8½/11: 19/30), Rosenthal (7½/11: 17/28), Louis Paulsen, Henry Edward Bird, Heral, Max Fleissig,Philipp MeitnerAdolf SchwarzOscar Gelbfuhs and Karl Pitschel.
This tournament had a very unusual scoring system: each player played a 3-game mini-match with each of the others and scored 1 for a won mini-match and ½ for a drawn mini-match. Steinitz won his last 14 games and therefore completed his mini-matches by playing fewer games than anyone else. The numbers before the colons (:) are the points awarded; the other 2 numbers are the usual "games won / games played" scoring.
1882 Vienna 1st-2nd 24/34 Tied with Winawer and drew the play-off; ahead of Mason (23/34), Zukertort (22½/34), Mackenzie, Blackburne, Berthold Englisch, Paulsen and others including Mikhail Chigorin and Bird.
1883 London 2nd 19/26 Behind Zukertort (22/26); ahead of Blackburne (16½/24), Chigorin 16/24, Englisch (15½/24), Mackenzie (15½/24), Mason (15½/24), Rosenthal, Winawer, Bird and four others.
1894 New Yorkchampionship 1st 8½/10 After losing the world title to Emanuel Lasker.
1895 Hastings 5th 13/21 Behind Harry Nelson Pillsbury (16½/24), Chigorin (16/21), Emanuel Lasker (15½/21), Siegbert Tarrasch (14/21); ahead of Emanuel Schiffers (12/21), Curt von Bardeleben (11½/21), Richard Teichmann (11½/21), Carl Schlechter (11/21), Blackburne (10½/21), Carl August Walbrodt,Amos BurnDawid Janowski, Mason, Bird, Isidore GunsbergAdolf AlbinGeorg Marco,William PollockJacques MiesesSamuel Tinsley and Beniamino Vergani.
1895-96 Saint Petersburg 2nd 9½/18 Behind Emanuel Lasker (11½/18); ahead of Pillsbury (8/18) and Chigorin (7/18). The world's top 4 players played 6 games against each of the others.
1896 Nuremberg 6th 11/18 Behind Emanuel Lasker 13½/18, Géza Maróczy (12½/18), Pillsbury (12/18), Tarrasch (12/18), Janowski (11½/18); ahead of Walbrodt, Schiffers, Chigorin, Blackburne, Rudolf Charousek, Marco, Albin, Winawer, Jackson ShowalterMoritz PorgesEmil Schallopp and Teichmann.
1897 New York 1st-2nd 2½/4 triangular "Thousand Islands" tournament; tied with S. Lipschütz and ahead of William Ewart Napier.
1898 Vienna 4th 23½/36 Behind Tarrasch (27½/36), Pillsbury (27½/36), Janowski (25½/36); ahead of Schlechter, Chigorin, Burn, Paul Lipke, Maroczy, Simon Alapin, Blackburne, Schiffers, Marco, Showalter, Walbrodt, Alexander HalprinHoratio CaroDavid Graham Baird and Herbert William Trenchard.
1898 Cologne 5th 9½/15 Behind Burn, Charousek, Chigorin and Wilhelm Cohn; ahead of Schlechter, Showalter, Johann Berger, Janowski and Schiffers.
1899 London 10-11th 11½/27 Behind Emanuel Lasker (23½/27), Janowski (19/27), Maróczy (19/27), Pillsbury (19/27), Schlechter (18/27), Blackburne (16½/27), Chigorin (16/27), Showalter (13½/27), Mason (13/27). This was the first time he had not won any prize money since 1859.

Match results

Sources:[3][4][33][79][80]

 

DateOpponentResultLocationScoreNotes
1860 Eduard Jenay Drew Vienna 2/4 2 : 2  
1860 Max Lange Won Vienna 3/3 +3−0=0  
1862 Serafino Dubois Won London 5½/9 +5−3=1  
1862 Adolf Anderssen Lost London 1/3 +1−2=0 Offhand games
1862–63 Joseph Henry Blackburne Won London 8/10 +7−1=2 Only 2 years after Blackburne started playing chess.
1863 Frederic Deacon Won London 5½/7 +5−1=1  
1863 Augustus Mongredien Won London 7/7 +7−0=0  
1863–64 Valentine Green Won London 8/9 +7−0=2  
1865 James Robey Won London 4/5 4 : 1  
1866 Adolf Anderssen Won London 8/14 +8−6=0 As a result of this win Steinitz was generally regarded as the world's best player.[8]
1866 Henry Edward Bird Won London 9½/17 +7−5=5  
1867 George Brunton Fraser Won Dundee 4/6 +3−1=2  
1870 Blackburne Won London 5½/6 +5−0=1  
1872 Johannes Zukertort Won London 9/12 +7−1=4  
1873 Blackburne Won Vienna 2/2 +2−0=0 Play-off match.
1876 Blackburne Won London 7/7 +7−0=0  
1882 Szymon Winawer Drew Vienna 1/2 1 : 1 Play-off match.
1882 Dion Martinez Won Philadelphia 7/7 +7−0=0  
1882 Alexander Sellman Won Baltimore 3½/5 +2−0=3  
1883 George Henry Mackenzie Won New York 4/6 +3−1=2  
1883 Martinez Won Philadelphia 4½/7 +3−1=3  
1883 Celso Golmayo Zúpide Won Havana 9/11 9 : 2  
1883 Martinez Won Philadelphia 10/11 10 : 1  
1885 Alexander Sellman Won Baltimore 3/3 +3−0=0  
1886 Zukertort Won New York, St.Louisand New Orleans 12½/20 +10−5=5 World Chess Championship 1886; the contract for this match said it was "for the Championship of the World".[8]
1888 Alberto Ponce Won Havana 4/5 4 : 1  
1888 Andrés Vásquez Won Havana

Online Now