Pawn by Definition
Advanced Pawn - a pawn that has reached the 5th rank
Backwards Pawn - a pawn that is behind its own colour pawns on adjacent files and cannot safely advance.
Blocked Pawn - a pawn unable to advance due to the square immediately in front of it being occupied
Capped Pawn (pion coiffe) - the pawn which a stronger player chooses to checkmate his weaker opponent with as a type of handicap.
Central Pawn - a pawn on either the d or e file.
Chained Pawns - connected pawns on a diagonal.
Connected Pawns - two or more pawns of the same colour on adjacent files and not separated by more than one rank.
Connected Passed Pawns - connected pawns that are all passed pawns.
Doubled Pawns - two pawns of the same colour on the same file.
Hanging Pawns - a pair of pawns on adjacent files that are separated from their other own colour pawns.
Irish Pawns - another name given to tripled pawns.
Isolani - name given to an isolated queen pawn (IQP) by Nimzovitch
Isolated Pawn - a pawn with no pawn of the same colour on its adjacent files.
Kicking Pawn - an attacking pawn attempting to move an opponent piece.
Mobile Pawn Centre - pawns on central squares that can advance without weakening.
Outside Passed Pawn - a passed pawn on the a, b, g, or h file and is separated by a number of files from the other pawns.
Pawn Islands - groupings of one or more pawns on adjacent files separated by files with no own colour pawns.
Passed Pawn - a pawn that cannot be blocked or captured by opposing pawns in advancing to the eighth rank.
Poison Pawn - a pawn that is left undefended as its capture can lead to positional or material problems for the opponent.
Promoted Pawn - a pawn that has reached the eighth rank and has been transformed into a queen, rook, knight, or bishop.
Protected Passed Pawn - a passed pawn that is protected by its own colour pawns on an adjacent file
Pushed Pawn - a pawn that has been moved forward.
Steamroller Pawns - a pair of connected passed pawns
Tall Pawn - a humourous name for the bishop.
Tripled Pawns - three pawns of the same colour on the same file.
United Pawns - also known as connected pawns.
Weak pawn - a pawn that is not defended or defendable by a pawn of its own colour.
Wrong Rook Pawn - a rook pawn which promotes on the opposite colour to the bishop in a bishop and rook pawn end game .... the wrong rook pawn can only draw.