Lot And His Daughters
I've been reading through Genesis in the morning for a while now. Earlier this week, I read chapter 19. One section especially caught my interest because it seemed like there was an example of Lot lying and yet God not punishing him. I thought that was unique and reminded me of the story of Rahab.
And there came two angels to Sodom at evening; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;
And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and you shall rise up early, and go on your way. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night.
And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.
But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, surrounded the house, both old and young, all the people from every quarter:
And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men who came in to you this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them.
And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him,
And said, I pray you, brethren, do not act so wickedly.
Behold now, I have two daughters who have not known a man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do you to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.
And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with you, than with them. And they pressed hard upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.
But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut the door.
And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves trying to find the door.
And the men said unto Lot, Have you here any besides? son-in-law, and your sons, and your daughters, and whatsoever you have in the city, bring them out of this place:
For we will destroy this place, because the cry against them has become great before the face of the LORD; and the LORD has sent us to destroy it.
And Lot went out, and spoke unto his sons-in-law, who married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons-in-law.
And when the morning arose, then the angels rushed Lot, saying, Arise, take your wife, and your two daughters, who are here; lest you be consumed in the iniquity of the city.
And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him outside the city.
Notice the bold parts especially. As I've been studying commentaries and comments about this passage, it seems that Lot may not have been lying like I had at first thought. He may have had four daughters, two of which had married men of Sodom. So, Lot was telling the truth about having two daughters not being married. They may have been in a relationship, but not being married, they were still virgins.
I think one of our first thoughts when we read this might be,“Why would Lot have suggested something so terrible and disgusting as to give his 2 daughters to such a crowd of men who were clearly immoral? Did he care more about the angels of God than for his own daughters? Was it right to offer what he did for the sake of peace and no harm to the angels?”
Those were some of my first thoughts. I almost don't like Lot at this point.
In Gills Commentary, he says that Lot did not know that his visitors were angels yet, so he would not of known that they could of protected themselves. He also says, “...this was a very great evil in Lot to make such an offer of his daughters. It was contrary to parental love and affection and exposing the chastity of his daughters, which should have been his care to preserve. Nor did he have power to dispose of them in such a manner. All evil is to be avoided, and even it is not to be done that good may come. Nothing can be said to excuse this good man. The hurry of spirit and confusion of mind that he was in as well as not knowing what to say or do to prevent the base designs of those men made him pretty certain they would not accept his offer, their lust burning more after men than women. This showed his great regard to the laws of hospitality, that he had rather sacrifice his daughters to their brutal lusts than give up the men that were in his house to them; and that he might hope that this would soften their minds and put them off of any further attempt. After all though, it must be condemned as a dangerous and imprudent action. (adapted for easier understanding)
The laws of hospitality were sacred and inviolable, so the strangers being in Lot's house were to be granted safety in view of the invitation that was given to them.
And Lot went out (obviously that same evening), and spoke unto his sons in law, which married his daughters,- literally, those taking his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the Lord (Jehovah) will destroy this (literally, the) city. Buthe seemed as one that mocked -as one that made laughter; from the same root as the word Isaac (Genesis 17:19; Judges 16:25) -unto his sons in law.
And Lot went out, (from his house, after the men of Sodom were gone from it, and before the morning, very probably about midnight) and spoke unto his sons in law, which married his daughters according to Aben Ezra, he had two other daughters that perished in Sodom, which he gathers from Genesis 19:15, "which are here", as if he had some elsewhere; and so Jarchi says, he had two daughters married in the city. but he seemed as one that mocked to his sons in law as one that was in jest, and had a mind to have a little sport with them, to get them out of their beds, and put them into a flight, and then laugh at them.
Well, I hope that helps clear things up and answer some questions of that interesting passage. Try and learn some things that you can apply to your life from it.
Here's what I took from it. Trust God and be wise when making decisions especially when they involve other people. Obey God quickly and take His Word seriously. It is important for Christians to marry other Christians, otherwise being unequally yoked, it causes much unnecessary trouble and in this case even loss of life.