5 Things You Didn't Know about Chess

5 Things You Didn't Know about Chess

FM Gertsog

Hey Guys!

This is FM Viktor Neustroev and in this video I’m going to tell you about 5 things (or facts) that you probably didn’t know about chess. I’m sure you’ll find them interesting and what is more important, a knowledge of them can help you in OTB games.

Enjoy this video and watch it up to the very end, because with the last thing I’m going to show a really beautiful combination applied by Garry Kasparov in this game against Anatoly Karpov!

Ok, this is FM Viktor Neustroev and “5 Things you didn’t know about chess”!

Facts about a Bishop

A bishop, I think, is the most contradictory piece. First, let’s go back to chess history and discuss what we know about this piece. Before chess were invented there was a similar game called Shatrange. And the bishop there wasn’t a bishop at all. It was an elephant with 2 tusks. The bishop moved diagonally in 2 squares and could jump over a piece or pawn.

Chess came to Europe when Arabians occupied Sicily and Spain. They depict an elephant like this. It’s divided into 2 parts, what probably means 2 tusks of an elephant.

But peoples of Europe after looking at this piece decided to call it in a different way, depends on what they could imagine by looking at this piece. French people call it “Crazy” (what means “fool”). In Germany it’s a “Runner” or “Messenger”. In Ukraine and Bulgaria it’s an “Officer”. In Russia it’s still an elephant. But English, Spanish and Italian players considered this piece to be a bishop, that’s why this name is widespread.

Illegal move

Of course, you can’t play an illegal move online, but you can make it in the game in OTB tournament. I’m a FIDE Master and sometimes I also played illegal moves.

Let me explain, 1 thing that you should definitely know. If you are under a check and you didn’t notice it, but made a move with the other piece, this move will be considered illegal and you have to make a new legal move with the same piece you moved (if it’s legal, of course).

This is how you may lose the game!

Draw after 75 moves

I’m sure you know about 50 moves rule, when one of players can claim a draw. But what if nobody wants to claim a draw. Will the game then last forever? No. 75 moves rule can be applied.

This is one of the newest chess rules, adopted in 2016. Any series of at least 75 moves have been made by each player without the movement of any pawn and without any capture will be considered a draw and fixed by the arbiter. Of course, if the last move resulted in checkmate, that shall take precedence.


In this video you learned 5 new things about chess. Thank you for watching and make sure to like this video, subscribe to my channel and share it with your friends - chess players.

If you have ever face with any unusual rules of chess or any weird situations in chess games, please, share them into the comment section below this video!

Best Regards,
FM Viktor Neustroev