Recovery and why advantages disappear
A study from a game played between PymQ and Jex_Roselin
White obtains an advantage of a 5th rank pawn that seperates blacks pieces from his king and has an open c-file to access the king side. A latter benefit would be the the ability to use his bishop more actively than black.
Blacks compensation is space and activity on the Queenside and an unchallenged a8-h1 diagonal.
I believe there are some themes here:
1) When an opponent pushes an agenda, you should think first what threats you can make first, then think of a way you can ignore the agenda, then think of the way you should react.
2) A kingside weakness was protected by pushing the queenside agenda fast.
3) The rule of 'to take is a mistake' is employed several times. The purpose of the rule is to remind that the person who makes a recapture is often left with the more active position. You should still capture if the opponents piece can find a stronger position-purpose than yours.
4) Notice how a minority queenside pawn attack became a majority, the threat of structural damage is often worth a pawn, an opponents avoidance of structural damage is what lead to an outside majority by move 29.