A26 What would Howard Staunton say?
Aug 7, 2012, 11:10 AM 6
"The English Opening is really a 20th-century invention, though it derives its name from association with the Englishman Howard Staunton (unofficial world champion 1843-51) who played it 6x vs St Amant in their 1843 match, and also in the historic London Tnmt of 1851. His example didn't inspire others of the time and did not catch on in the rest of the 19th-century. Morphy and other open-game plaers simply had disdain for the slower strategy. As the 20th-century began a few daring explorers such as Tarktakower, Rubinstein and Nimzovitch ventured it occasionally. When Botvinnik began playing the EO in the 1930's and 1940's the once odd opening strategy became quite respectable." MCO-15 p. 675
SOURCES: Modern Chess Miniatures, ©1960 by Leonard Barden and Wolfgang Heidenfeld p. 144. Unattributed analysis/comments are by IM Barden; and MCO-15 ©2008 by GM Nick de Firmian pp 690-1.