What is Blunder and How to Avoid It
A blunder is a very bad move. It is usually caused by some tactical oversight, whether from time trouble, overconfidence or carelessness. While a blunder may seem like a stroke of luck for the opposing player, some chess players give their opponent plenty of opportunities to blunder.
What qualifies as a "blunder" rather than a normal mistake is somewhat subjective. A weak move from a novice player might be explained by the player's lack of skill, while the same move from a master might be called a blunder. In chess annotation, blunders are typically marked with a double question mark, "??", after the move.
Especially among amateur and novice players, blunders often occur because of a faulty thought process where they do not consider the opponent's forcing moves. In particular, checks, captures, and threats need to be considered at each move. Neglecting these possibilities leaves a player vulnerable to simple tactical errors.
One technique formerly recommended to avoid blunders was to write down the planned move on the scoresheet, then take one last look before making it.This practice was not uncommon even at the grandmasterlevel. However, in 2005 the International Chess Federation (FIDE) banned it, instead requiring that the move be made before being written down.The US Chess Federation also implemented this rule, effective as of January 1, 2007 (a change to rule 15A), although it is not universally enforced.
These are my suggested steps inorder to avoid blunder:
1. Don't be in a rush, just stay calm and carefully look up all the positions of chess pieces on the board.
2.Be aware of the pins, skewers and discovery checks made by your opponent. These are the usual cause for you to blunder and which sometimes might lead you being checkmated.
3. Be accurate with your moves, make a good plan or tactics. Play safe.
4. Keep your strongest pieces always in connected with the other minor pieces. Be a defensive player.
5. Control the center of the board. Be a positional player. Control all the positions of your chess pieces. Be a diversive player.
To sum it up inorder to avoid blunder you should always
" Think Before You Move".