Basic chess prinsiples by Susan Polgar

Basic chess prinsiples by Susan Polgar

Jul 13, 2010, 12:56 AM |

Instead of writing myself today I've got permission from Susan Polgar (1969, Hungary) to copy an article she wrote last summer. On the July 1984 FIDE Rating List, at age 15, she was the top-ranked woman player in the world. She was the first woman to earn the title of Grandmaster in regular competition. She was the Women's World Chess Champion from 1996 to 1999. In October 2005 Polgar had an Elo rating of 2577, making her the second-ranked woman in the world at the time, after her sister Judit Polgár. Now she is inactive and doesn't play official games. She lives in US where she ran the Polgar Chess Center and the Susan Polgar Foundation, which gives chess training to children, especially girls.

Enjoy the reading:


Chess is a very easy game to learn, but harder to master. Here are some very important principles in chess that will help you become a better player.

Control the center

The center of the board includes the squares e4, d4, e5, and d5. When you start a game, place your pawns in the center to occupy and control as many of these squares as you can. Location, location, location.

Develop your pieces as soon as possible

Get your knights and bishops out right away. This should be done before you try to checkmate your opponent, some time in the first 6 or 7 moves if possible.

Castle as soon as possible

The first chance you have, castle immediately to keep your king safe. Remember: you can't win if your king is not safe and you get checkmated first. So, don't forget to castle! Then after you castle, connect your rooks by developing your queen.

Keep your pieces protected

Don't leave your pieces hanging without protection. Each and every piece you have is very valuable, so don't forget to protect them. Protecting means if your opponent can take your piece, then you can take your opponent's piece.

Have lots of fun. Win with grade. Lose with dignity.

That is my motto in chess. The most important thing in chess should be to have fun, whether you win or lose. When you win, be a good sport. When you lose, be an even better sport. Shake hands and congratulate your opponent. This will go a long way in making good friends.

Besides the five valuable principles above, there are others that you should try to remember. Chess is a game with logic, strategies, planning, and tactics. Keep the following principles in mind as you play.

• Every move should have a purpose.

• What is the idea behind your opponent's move?

• Always think before you move. There is no take back in chess. So make your decision carefully.

• Learn to make plans. Planning is one of the most important elements of the game of chess.

• Analyze your games and learn from your mistakes. Every player, from beginner to world champion, makes mistakes. It is very important to go over your games to find mistakes and learn from them.

• Pace yourself wisely.

There are many different time controls in chess. Use your allotted time wisely. If you have 30, 60, or 90 minutes to play your game, use your time to find the best plans and moves. Don't rush just because your opponents play fast.

These and many more tips can be found in my best-selling chess instructional book "A World Champion's Guide to Chess." It is aimed for absolute beginners and novice players. It is also perfect for parents and teachers to introduce chess to young players. You can find it on my Web store at or in town at iBookSwap on 50th Street near Indiana Avenue across the street from Monterey High School.

A little more than a year ago, I created a chess training guide for teachers and parents. It is available for download at no charge. Since that time, more than 105,000 copies have been distributed to parents and teachers in more than 110 countries. You can download your own free copy at the SPICE Web site

Local Chess Activities:

Atrium Chess Club: Meets 5-6:30 p.m. Wednesdays at the Science Spectrum: 2579 S. Loop 289

Knight Raiders Chess Night: Meet at Barnes & Noble (Slide Road and S. Loop 289), 6-9 p.m. Friday.

SPICE Chess Summer Camp: July 19-24; Texas Tech.

For more information on these events and others, go to; call 742-7742; e-mail; or go to

Polgar Chess University: My new online chess training program where students of all levels have an opportunity to learn chess from some of the best instructors in the game. Visit for more information.

Keep questions and comments coming by e-mailing me at See also