History of VA

History of VA

Feb 27, 2015, 3:28 AM |


(born Dec-11-1969, 45 years old) India [ what is this? ]

Vishwanathan Anand ("Vishy" to his fans) was the 15th

undisputed World Champion, reigning from 2007 until

2013. He was also FIDE World Champion from

2000-2002. He was born in 1969 in Mayiladuthurai, a

small town in southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu, but

grew up in Chennai. His mother taught him to play chess

at age 6.


As an Indian and as an Asian chess player he blazed a

trail with a number of firsts, including in 1984 becoming

the youngest Indian to earn the title of IM (aged 15),

becoming the youngest ever Indian Champion at 16,

becoming in 1987 the first Indian to win the World Junior

Championship and India’s first grandmaster, and

becoming India’s (and Asia’s) first World Champion. He

was also the first World Champion since Robert James

Fischer and the second since Max Euwe who did not

originate from Russia or eastern Europe. Moreover, he

was the first and only player to have won the putative

world championship via knockout tournament, round

robin tournament and traditional match play.


: Anand’s first serious impact in

Indian chess was as a 14 year old, winning the 1983-84

National Sub-Junior Championship with a perfect score

of 9/9 points. From 1983 until 1986, he was the National

Junior (under 19) Champion and in 1984 and again in

1985 he won Lloyd’s Bank Junior championship. Also in

1984 and again in 1985, Anand won the Asian Junior

(under 19) Championships, the youngest to achieve this

distinction. Anand capped his junior career by winning

the 1987 World Junior Chess Championship.

: He won the Indian National Championships

in 1986, 1987 and 1988.

: In 1986, he won the Arab-Asian

International Chess Championship. In 1989, he won the

2nd Asian Active Chess Championship held in Hong

Kong. In 1990 he won the Asian Open Chess

Championship in Manila.

: Anand’s first tilt at the World Championship

cycle occurred during the last of the traditional FIDE

cycles that had been established after World War II,

albeit a cycle cut short at the final by Kasparov’s split

from FIDE in 1993. Anand kicked off his world

championship campaign when he won the gold medal at

the 1990 Asian Zonal Championship, qualifying for the

Manila Interzonal later that year. He came 3rd at that

Interzonal, half a point behind co-leaders Vassily

Ivanchuk and Boris Gelfand , thereby qualifying for the

Candidates Matches. In 1991, he defeated Alexey Dreev

in Chennai in the first round of Candidates matches, but

lost to Anatoly Karpov in Brussels in the quarter finals.

In 1993, he came =1st with Michael Adams at the PCA

Interzonal tournament in Groningen, the strongest Swiss

tournament played until that time. Also in 1993, he

contested the 1993 Biel FIDE Interzonal Tournament,

coming 10th in a tightly fought contest, but nevertheless

qualifying for the FIDE Candidates cycle. In the PCA

Candidates, he defeated Oleg Romanishin 5-2 in a best

of 8 match held in New York in 1994, then followed up

shortly afterwards with a 5.5-1.5 demolition of Adams

at Linares in the Candidates semi-final. In Las Palmas

in 1995, he met and defeated Gata Kamsky in the final

for the right to meet Garry Kasparov . In 1995, he met

Kasparov at the World Trade Center in New York to play

the match. After an opening run of eight draws, Anand

won game nine but then lost four of the next five to

concede the match 10½–7½. Conversely, in the

concurrent FIDE cycle, Anand lost his quarter-final

match to Kamsky, who went on to lose the 1996 FIDE

championship match against Karpov. In 1997, Anand

won the knock-out matches at Groningen for an

opportunity to challenge FIDE World Champion Karpov,

defeating Predrag Nikolic 2-0, Alexander Khalifman

3.5-2.5 (in the rapid and blitz tiebreak), Zoltan Almasi

2-0, Alexey Shirov 1.5-0.5, Boris Gelfand 1.5-0.5, and

Adams 5-4 in a hard fought sudden death tiebreaker. In

the 1998 FIDE cycle, FIDE controversially seeded the

reigning champion Karpov directly into the final against

the winner of the seven-round single elimination

Candidates tournament. Despite coming through an

extremely arduous campaign of 31 games in 30 days,

Anand was able to draw the regular match 3-3, forcing a

rapid playoff. However, the rapid playoff was won 2-0 by

Karpov, allowing him to defend his FIDE championship.

In 2000, he beat Alexey Shirov 3½–½ in the final match

held at Tehran to become the FIDE World Chess

Champion, after defeating Viktor Bologan , Smbat

Gariginovich Lputian, Bartlomiej Macieja , Khalifman, and

Adams in the preliminary rounds. He failed to defend the

title in 2002, losing in the semifinals to Ivanchuk after

defeating Olivier Touzane , Peter Heine Nielsen , Vladislav

Tkachiev , Dreev, and Shirov in the earlier rounds. Anand

did not compete in the FIDE World Championship

Knockout Tournament (2004) , but tied for second with

Peter Svidler in the FIDE World Championship

Tournament (2005) at San Luis in Mexico with 8½

points out of 14 games, 1½ points behind the winner,

Veselin Topalov. On the basis of his results at San Luis,

Anand was seeded directly into the double round-robin

FIDE World Championship Tournament (2007) in Mexico

City, which he won with a score of 9/14 points, a full

point ahead of joint second place finishers, Vladimir

Kramnik and Boris Gelfand, thereby succeeding Kramnik

as the title holder of the unified World Championship. In

Bonn in October 2008, he successfully retained his crown

when he won the twelve-game Anand - Kramnik World

Championship Match (2008) by 6.5-4.5 (+3 -1 =7). The

following year, he successfully defended his title in the

Anand - Topalov World Chess Championship (2010) by

6.5-5.5 after winning the 12th and final classical game

scheduled for the match. In May 2012, he faced the

winner of the World Championship Candidates (2011) ,

Boris Gelfand , to again successfully defend his title,

winning the Anand - Gelfand World Chess Championship

(2012) 2.5-1.5 (+1 =3) in the rapid game tiebreaker

after drawing the classical games 6-6 (+1 -1 =10).

As a result of Magnus Carlsen winning the World

Championship Candidates (2013) , the Anand - Carlsen

World Championship (2013) was played in November

2013. The first four games were drawn before Carlsen

won the fifth and sixth games. The seventh and eighth

games were drawn, with Carlsen then winning the ninth

game and drawing the tenth and last game to win the

crown from Anand. Final score was 6.5-3.5 (+3 =7) in

Carlsen's favor.

Rematch with Carlsen 2014

Anand's loss in the 2013 World Championship match

with Carlsen did, however, qualify him to play in the

World Chess Championship Candidates (2014) , which he

won with a round to spare. He therefore won the right to

challenge Carlsen in a rematch, the Carlsen-Anand

World Championship (2014) , which commenced on 8

November 2014 in Sochi, in Russia and finished on 23


The first game of the match was a fighting draw with

Anand playing a queen pawn's opening and Carlsen

successfully defending a Grunfeld. Carlsen drew first

blood in game two playing the White side of a quiet Ruy

Lopez. After the first rest day, Anand struck back

strongly playing the White side of a Queen's Gambit

Declined (D37), and overcame Carlsen before the first

time control. In game 4, Anand played the Sicilian, but

Carlsen steered the opening into a quiet positional

struggle that ended in a draw. Game 5 was a Queen's

Indian Defence which also ended in a draw. Game 6 may

have been the turning point in the match. Playing Black,

Anand missed a simple tactical stroke that would have

given him a very strong, if not winning position. After

missing this continuation, Anand's game weakened and

Carlsen brought home the point to take the lead in the

match for the second time.

Anand defended Game 7 with another Berlin Defence but

eventually encountered difficulties and surrendered a

piece for two pawns. However, his defence kept Carlsen

at bay for 122 moves before the game was finally drawn

due to insufficient mating material on the board. Game 8

in the match was another QGD, with Anand playing

White. Carlsen introduced an innovation from his home

preparation that guaranteed him a relatively easy draw,

forcing a mass exchange of pieces that left the position

easily drawn. After the fourth rest day, play resumed

with Anand employing a Berlin Defence to Carlsen's Ruy

Lopez. The game soon finished through a draw by

repetition, with Carlsen content to maintain his one-point

lead. In Game 10, Anand again faced Carlsen defending

a Grunfeld, albeit not as convincingly as in Game 1.

Anand had a long initiative but failed to secure the win,

with Carlsen exhausting the opportunities against him to

force the draw. Game 11 was another Berlin Defence by

Anand which turned into a complex and hard fought

middle game following an innovation by him on the

queenside, which he followed up with an exchange

sacrifice. Anand was unable to make sufficient inroads

into Carlsen's position, and after a series of trades that

increased Carlsen's material advantage, Anand resigned

the game and the match.

Match result: Anand lost by 4.5-6.5 (+1 -3 =7).


Anand is the only player to have won the super

tournament at Wijk aan Zee (Corus from 1989-2010) five

times. He is the first player to have achieved victories in

each of the three big chess supertournaments: Corus/

Wijk aan Zee (1989, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2006), Linares

(1998, 2007, 2008), Dortmund (1996, 2000, 2004).

One of Anand’s earliest serious successes in

international tournaments that brought him to

international attention include his tie for first place in the

Sakthi Finance International Grandmasters Chess

Tournament in 1987, enabling him to win his third GM

norm, and thereby becoming the youngest Grandmaster

in the world at that time. In 1989, he competed in the

4th International Games Festival in France, placing 2nd

overall in the Veterans vs. Youth Tournament, although

he was 1st in the Youth category. During that event he

beat former World Champions, Mikhail Tal and Boris

Spassky in their individual encounters. In 1990, he won

the 1990 Manchester Chess Festival and was =1st in the

1990 Triveni Super Grandmasters Tournament in Delhi.

In 1992, Anand took out 1st in the category 18 Reggio

Emilia Chess Tournament ahead of Kasparov and Karpov

in the strongest tournament ever held until this time.

Also in he won the 1992 Goodrich Open International

Tournament in Kolkata and won the category 18 Alekhine

Memorial tournament in Moscow ahead of Karpov. This

raised his rating to 2700, and was only the 8th person to

reach that mark at that time. In 1994, he won the PCA

Grand Prix in Moscow ahead of Kasparov

Major successes followed rapidly in 1996, when he

finished 2nd at the Las Palmas super tournament and at

the Magistral Tournament in Leon. There followed, in

1997, wins in the category 19 tournament in Dos

Hermanes, the Invesbanka Chess tournament in Belgrade,

the Credit Suisse Classic Tournament in Biel, and 2nd

place in Dortmund. In 1998 he won the category 21

(average 2752) Linares tournament, as well as at Madrid

and at the Fontys-Tilburg International Chess

Tournament. In 1999, he won again at Wijk aan Zee. In

2000, he was runner up at Linares, won at Leon (beating

Shirov 1½:½) and at Dortmund and also at the 2000

FIDE World Cup in Shenyeng, defeating Evgeny Bareev

1.5 - 0.5 in the final to win. He successfully defended

his World Cup title in 2002 in Hyderabad. In 2001, Anand

finished 1st in the 2nd Torneo Magistral Tournament in

Mexico City, a clear point ahead Nigel Short , Khalifman

and Hernandez. In 2002, he won the Eurotel World Chess

Trophy in Prague, defeating Jan Timman (2-0),

Khalifman (2-0), Sokolov (1.5-0.5), Ivanchuk (2.5-1.5)

and Karpov (1.5-0.5) in the final. He won Corus in 2003

and 2004, and took out Dortmund in 2004. In spring of

2006, following a record-extending fifth victory at Corus

Wijk aan Zee (2006) , Anand became only the fourth

player ever to crack the 2800-Elo mark in FIDE ratings,

following Kasparov, Vladimir Kramnik , and Veselin

Topalov. A few months after he won the World

Championship in 2007, he won the (category 21)

Morelia-Linares (2008) outright with 8.5 points, winning

at Linares for the third time in his career. Following

mediocre (for Anand) results in 2012 which saw him slip

out of the top 5 for the first time in nearly 20 years,

Anand scored 8/13 to place =3rd behind Carlsen and

Aronian at the category 20 Tata Steel (2013) event, and

defeated Aronian in round 4 in a game that is becoming

known as Anand's Immortal.*

2013 saw Anand breaking his tournament drought by

winning outright at the category 19 GRENKE Chess

Classic (2013) with 6.5/10, winning in the last round to

head off Fabiano Caruana by half a point at the pass.

This was his first tournament win since Linares in 2008.

A few weeks later he placed 2nd behind Caruana at the

Category 21 Zurich Chess Challenge (2013) with 3/6 (+1

-1 =4), losing one game to Caruana and defeating

Kramnik in his sole win. In April-May 2013, Anand

placed outright 3rd at the category 20 Alekhine Memorial

(2013) , a half point behind Levon Aronian and Gelfand,

with 5/9 (+2 -1 =6), a par for rating performance. Soon

afterwards he played in the category 21 Norway Chess

Tournament (2013) , scoring 5/9, another par for rating

effort. His next tournament was the category 22 Tal

Memorial (2013) in June 2013 was one of his worst

results in many years, finishing near the bottom of the

field with 3.5/9 (+1 -3 =5), also causing him to shed 11

rating points and four places in his world ranking.

After he lost his title defense to Carlsen, Anand next's

tournament was the category 23 Zurich Chess Challenge

(2014) in which he placed 4th with a scored of 2/5. In

the lead up to the return match against Carlsen in

November 2014, Anand placed a decisive 1st at the

category 21 Bilbao Masters (2014) , winning with a round

to spare in the six game round robin event. Soon after

his unsuccessful attempt to regain the crown from

Carlsen in November 2014, Anand won the category 22

London Chess Classic (2014) in December 2014 ahead

of Kramnik, Giri, Nakamura, Adams and Caruana. A few

months later he racked up another major league triumph

when he won standard section of the category 22 RR

Zurich Chess Challenge (2015) ahead of outright runner-

up, Hikaru Nakamura and the supporting cast of

Kramnik, Sergey Karjakin , Aronian and Caruana

respectively. He was unable to maintain the lead in the

follow-up section of the event, the Zurich Chess

Challenge (Rapid) (2015) , and tied with Nakamura for

first place. However, he lost an Armageddon tiebreaker

to finish with second prize.


Anand played board 4 for India in 1984, and top board in

1986, 1988, 1990, 1992, 2004 and 2006, winning a silver

medal on top board in 2004.


In 1992, Anand defeated the then number 3 Vassily

Ivanchuk by 5:3 in a match held in Linares. In 1997, he

played an exhibition simul against 6 computers at the

Aegon Man Vs Computers chess event, winning 4-2. In

1998 at the Siemens Nixdorf Duell (Rapid) event in

Frankfurt, he beat the then world open category computer

chess champion Fritz 5 (1.5-0.5). In 1999 at the Torneo

Magistral de Ajedrez in Leon, he beat Karpov 5:1. He

won the 2001 "Duel of the Champions", defeating

Kramnik in a rapid game match 6.5-5.5 and in 2009, he

defeated Leko 5-3 in the Leko - Anand Rapid Match

(2009) .


In 1986, he won a team silver medal and a an individual

gold medal for board four in the Asian Team

Championship. He scored 7/7 in the 1989 Asian Team

Chess Championship thereby helping his team to a team

bronze as well as winning the top board prize as well as

the individual best performance of the tournament. He

has played in the Bundesliga, the French and Hungarian

Team Championships and the European Club Cup. In

2009, he lead the Rest of the World from board 1 to a

decisive 21.5-10.5 victory in the Azerbaijan vs the World

(2009) event. He played top board for Baden-Baden in a

couple of rounds, helping his team to win the 2013-14



Anand has always been renowned for the speed of his

calculation and moves. His early classical games were

often played at close to blitz speed and this prowess has

stood him in good stead to enable him to become

perhaps the greatest blitz and rapid player of all time.

His prowess at quick-play chess has earned him the

nickname "The Lightning Kid."

The Chess Classic at Mainz, essentially the annual open

world rapid championship, that had commenced in 1994

and finished up in 2010 had become Anand’s personal

property as he won it 11 times out of the 17 times it had

been staged, including nine consecutive wins from 2000

through to 2008. In addition, he has won the annual

overall Amber Blindfold and Rapid Chess Championships

in 1994, 1997, 2003, 2005 and 2006, the Amber Rapid 7

times, and he was the only player to win the blind and

rapid sections of the Amber tournament in the same year

(twice: in 1997 and 2005). Other significant sequences

were the six consecutive wins at Corsica from 1999

through 2005, and seven wins at Leon in 1999, 2000,

2001, 2002, Ciudad de Leon XVIII (2005) , XIX Ciudad de

Leon (2006) , and 2007. Other victories include 1st place

at the 1996 Credit Swiss Rapid Chess Grand Prix, in

Geneva, where he beat Garry Kasparov in the final, 1st in

Wydra in Haifa in 1999 and 2000, 1st in the 2000 Plus

GSM World Blitz Chess Cup in Warsaw where he won

outright with 17.5 Points in 22 Games, defeating Karpov,

Gelfand and Svidler, 1st in the 2000 Fujitsu Siemens

Giants Chess (Rapid) in Frankfurt, winning the 2006

Mikhail Tal Memorial Blitz Tournament in Moscow with

23/34, which involved winning 11 out of 17 mini-

matches to claim the strongest Blitz tournament in the

history of the game, beating his eventual successor to

the rapid crown, Aronian, by a 2 point margin. He is also

the 2003 FIDE World Rapid Chess Champion by virtue of

winning the Cap D'Agde FRA (2003) . On 27 March 2011

in Tashkent in Uzbekistan, Anand defeated Rustam

Kasimdzhanov in a rapid play match by 3.5-0.5 and in

September 2011, he won the Botvinnik Memorial Rapid

(2011) ahead of Aronian, Kramnik and Carlsen with

4.5/6 (+3 =3 -0). In In June 2011, he won the rapid

XXIV Magistral de Ajedrez Ciudad de Leon (2011)

4.5-1.5 (+3 -0 =3) and in October 2011, he defeated

Shakhriyar Mamedyarov by 2-0 in the final to win the

Corsica Masters Knockout (2011) .

Anand competed in the rejigged London Classic of 2013,

and qualified for the final rounds by placing =1st in the

London Chess Classic (Group A) (2013) , but then lost to

Kramnik in the London Chess Classic (Knockout) (2013) .

He placed =2nd in the FIDE World Rapid Championship

(2014) with 10.5/15, half a point behind the winner,

Carlsen, whom he defeated in their individual encounter,

and scored 13.5/21 (placing =5th) in the FIDE World

Blitz Championship (2014) . He came =3rd with 8/10 at

the London Chess Classic 2014 Super Rapidplay Open.


Anand has won the Chess Oscar on 6 occasions, in

1997, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2007, and 2008. He has

received many other national and international awards

including the Arjuna award for Outstanding Indian

Sportsman in Chess in 1985, the inaugural Rajiv Gandhi

Khel Ratna Award, India's highest sporting honour in the

year 1991–1992, the British Chess Federation’s 'Book of

the Year' Award in 1998 for his book My Best Games of

Chess, the Padma Bhushan in 2000, the Sportstar

Millennium Award in 1998 from India's premier Sports

magazine for being the sportperson of the millennium. In

2007, he was awarded India's second highest civilian

award, the Padma Vibhushan, making him the first

sportsperson to receive the award in Indian history and

received the 'Global Strategist Award' for mastering

many formats of World Chess Championships by

National Association of Software and Services

Companies (NASSCOM) in 2011.


Anand holds a Bachelor's degree in Commerce from

Loyola College in Chennai, India. Previously, he attended

High School at Don Bosco. He is married to Aruna

Anand and lives in Chennai along with his son Akhil

Anand. In August 2010, Anand joined the Board of

Directors of Olympic Gold Quest, a foundation for

promoting and supporting India's elite sportspersons and

potential young talent. In 2010 Anand donated his World

Championship gold medal from his successful 2008 title

defense to the charitable organisation "The Foundation"

to be auctioned off for the benefit of underprivileged


Rating and Ranking

Anand is one of six players in history to

crack the 2800 mark, peaking at 2817 in 2011. As of 1

February 2015, his rating was 2797 making him the

world #6. He remains the top rated player in the Asian


2808 (world #7); and

2767 (world #14).

Sources and references

Live rating: http://www.2700chess.com/ ; Biography

of Anand at the official FIDE website for the 2012

World Championship match: http://

moscow2012.fide.com/en/prese. ; Wikipedia article:

Viswanathan Anand ; * Aronian vs Anand, 2013

Latest update 20 Feb 2015

page 1 of 114; games 1-25 of 2,850

Game Result Moves Year Event/Locale Opening

1. Van der Wiel vs

Anand 1-0 27 1984 Thessaloniki B42 Sicilian, Kan

2. D Alzate vs Anand 0-1 66 1984 ? B80 Sicilian, Scheveningen

3. Kiril Georgiev vs

Anand 1-0 35 1984 Wch U20 E63 King's Indian, Fianchetto,

Panno Variation

4. Anand vs A

Greenfeld 1-0 80 1984 Lloyds Bank op B43 Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3

5. Anand vs C

Hansen ½-½ 19 1984 ? B05 Alekhine's Defense, Modern

6. Piket vs Anand 0-1 44 1984 Wch U20 A48 King's Indian

7. Anand vs D

Hergott 1-0 38 1984 Thessaloniki B33 Sicilian

8. Anand vs M

Apicella 1-0 25 1984 Champigny sur

Marne op

B76 Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav


9. K Perera vs Anand 1-0 60 1984 Asia-ch U20 8th C70 Ruy Lopez

10. P Ostermeyer vs

Anand 0-1 41 1984 Thessaloniki A15 English

11. Anand vs

Ivanchuk ½-½ 50 1985 Wch U20 C78 Ruy Lopez

12. Anand vs Dlugy 1-0 60 1985 Sharjah B17 Caro-Kann, Steinitz


13. Anand vs A J

Mestel 1-0 25 1985 London B76 Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav


14. P Paiewonsky vs

Anand 0-1 31 1985 Wch U20 D79 Neo-Grunfeld, 6.O-O, Main


15. V Perera vs

Anand 1-0 29 1985 9th Asian Junior

Ch C05 French, Tarrasch

16. P Mithrakanth vs

Anand 0-1 30 1985 India B84 Sicilian, Scheveningen

17. Blatny vs Anand 1-0 32 1985 Sharjah B25 Sicilian, Closed

18. Anand vs P

Thipsay 1-0 48 1986 Calcutta C78 Ruy Lopez

19. Anand vs

Pacheco Vega 1-0 40 1986 Gausdal B90 Sicilian, Najdorf

20. Anand vs V

Tukmakov 0-1 32 1986 Delhi E17 Queen's Indian

21. N McDonald vs

Anand ½-½ 30 1986 Oakham A05 Reti Opening

22. Anand vs M

Lodhi 1-0 72 1986 Dubai C18 French, Winawer

23. L Ravi vs Anand 1-0 47 1986 Calcutta It E66 King's Indian, Fianchetto,

Yugoslav Panno

24. Anand vs C

Horvath ½-½ 36 1986 Gausdal B47 Sicilian, Taimanov

(Bastrikov) Variation

25. Razuvaev vs

Anand ½-½ 32 1986 Calcutta E80 King's Indian, Samisch


page 1 of 114; games 1-25 of 2,850

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