Atwood-Philidor, 1794! (Grandmaster Level Chess!)
Recently I purchased a copy of the Oxford Encyclopedia of Chess Games, which is an excellent resource for finding early games of chess.....it includes all published games from 1485 to 1866!
Perusing the book, I came across this game by Philidor. What a game! It shows such a mature and complete style of play! They say, when you play a Master, a pawn advntage is enough to win. And this is so true! A Master can do an incredible combination, just to end up a pawn ahead, because he/she knows that victory can be achieved with the smallest material advantage: a pawn.
Francois Andre Philidor
François-André Danican Philidor was born on September 7th, 1726, in Dreux France. He was both a chess and musical prodigy--his first musical composition was played before King Louis XV when he was only 11 years old. He was taught chess by Kermur Sire De Legal, who initially gave him rook odds, until the young Philidor became too strong for his teacher.
In 1744 Philidor played two chess games blindfolded simultaneously in public in Paris, a feat never before known to have been accomplished. In 1749 his "Analysis of Chess" was published in London, the first chess book to explain the openings, the middlegame, and the general strategy of chess. The book claimed that Les pions sont l'ame du jeu, a phrase that became widely known as 'the pawns are the soul of chess', a maxim known to chessplayers ever since.
His name is associated with the endgame commonly called the Philidor position, which is among the most important fundamental endgame positions.(1) Philidor's name is also associated with a fundamental chess tactic commonly known as Philidor's Legacy, a smothered mating pattern involving a queen and knight. However this is only a traditional name, as the tactic first appeared in print by a book by Luis Ramirez de Lucena.
He passed away in London, England in 1795.