Chigorin Defense (Two Knights Defense) (C59) in the Italian Game

Chigorin Defense (Two Knights Defense) (C59) in the Italian Game

May 6, 2016, 8:38 AM |

In the last few years, the elite players have been using more and more the Italian Game, namely 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4.

In most of the games I have seen, black replies 3...Bc5, and we have seen many games in which White goes for a d3 system, which is known as the Giouco Pianissimo, instead of Giouco Piano, which arises after 3...Bc5 4.c3 Nf6 5.d4.

My curiosity is awakened to the fact that I have not seen the Chigorin Defense, also known as the Two Knights Defense, played too often!

Mikhail Chigorin

I shall post a selection of games, and add comments in the next few days. Mostly, I am interested in games in  which Black wins, validating Chigorin's idea....he played this line against Steinitz in their WC match, which is why, I believe, his name is attached to this variation, although he is certainly not the originator of it.


Daniel Harrwitz




Adolf Anderssen



 Ignatz Von Kolisch




Howard Staunton



Emil Schallopp







Semion Alapin




Emmanuel Schiffers



Henry Edward Bird








Isidor Gunsberg




Jackson Whipps Showalter









Emanuel Lasker



Rudolf Rezso Charousek













José Raúl Capablanca




Ilya Rabinovich                                   Levenfish



Spielmann                                        Eliskases


Vasja Pirc



     Ragozin                                             Geller



      Ciocaltea                               Nezhmetdinov


         Honfi                                   Tal






    Hartoch                                      Bisguier    





        Ljubojevic                           Van der Sterren


        David Bronstein



        Grischuk                                     Malaniuk



       Kosintseva                                  Dronavalli


       Jan Gustafsson