Chess Wisdom and Aphorisms. #9.
Chess is a historical contest of chess ideas.
Classical or Hypermodern?
Often medium strength players, play a game of chess and they lose. But they are not quite sure how they lost. They developed, they had some share in the centre. But somehow, they lost the exchange and the game. So what happened? What kind of magic was the opponent using? The answer is that your opponent had some knowledge of the historical development of chess. In the twentieth century this contest was called the Classical School of chess versus the Hypermodern School of chess.
This contest is still going on!
Basically, the Classical school says, as White, if I can place two pawns on d4 and e4, and castle, then I have a classical centre as safe king and the advantage. The Hypermodern school says, yes, but this is only temporary and they dynamically attempt to show that the classical centre can be attacked with the advantage to black. In other words, there is the need of the dynamic as well as static evaluation.
So this is why you lost as black. You allowed your opponent a classical centre and a safe king and were not aware that it was your task as black to contradict this white centre of pawns on d4 and e4 with dynamic play.
Here is an example game of mine in which my opponent allows me to create a classical centre of pawns on d4 and e4 without a vigorous counter response. I then won the exchange and the game.