Here it is article from wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_chess_traps) about Chess traps.
The term chess trap refers to a trap in the game of chess.
List of chess traps, ordered by chess opening:
1. Albin Countergambit – Lasker Trap
2. Blackmar-Diemer Gambit – Halosar Trap
3. Bogo-Indian Defence – Monticelli Trap
4. Budapest Gambit – Kieninger Trap
5. Italian Game – Blackburne Shilling Gambit
6. Petrov's Defence – Marshall Trap
7. Philidor Defence – Légal Trap
8. Queen's Gambit Declined – Elephant Trap, Rubinstein Trap
9. Ruy Lopez – Mortimer Trap, Noah's Ark Trap, Tarrasch Trap, Rombaua Trap
10. Sicilian Defence – Magnus Smith Trap, Siberian Trap
11. Vienna Gambit – Würzburger Trap
1. LASKER TRAPS
The Lasker Trap is a chess opening trap in the Albin Countergambit, named after Emanuel Lasker, although it was first noted by Serafino Dubois (Hooper & Whyld 1996, p. 219). It is unusual in that it features an underpromotion as early as the seventh move.
2. HALOSAR TRAP
4. KIENINGER TRAP
The Kieninger Trap is a chess opening trap in the Budapest Gambit named after the German International Master Georg Kieninger, who used it in an offhand game against Godai at Vienna in 1925. It is one of the most frequently seen opening traps.
5. BLACKBURNE SHILLING GAMBIT
The Blackburne Shilling Gambit is the name facetiously given to a dubious chess opening, derived from an offshoot of the Italian Game, that begins 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nd4?! (see chess punctuation). It is also sometimes referred to as the Kostić Gambit after the Serbian grandmaster Borislav Kostić, who played it in the early 20th century.
The first known mention of this line was by Wilhelm Steinitz, who noted it in 1895 in the Addenda to his Modern Chess Instructor, Part II. The earliest game with the opening on chessgames.com is Dunlop–Hicks, New Zealand Championship 1911. Another early game, mentioned by Bill Wall, is Muhlock–Kostić, Cologne 1912.
Black's third move is, objectively speaking, a weak, time-wasting move. Steinitz recommended 4.0-0 or 4.Nxd4 in response. International Master Jeremy Silman writes that White has an advantage after 4.0-0, 4.c3, or 4.Nc3. He recommends as best 4.Nxd4! exd4 5.c3 d5 6.exd5 Qe7+ 7.Kf1 +/=, when 5...Bc5? loses a pawn to 6.Bxf7+! Kxf7 7.Qh5+.
6. MARSHALL TRAP
7. LÉGAL TRAP
The Legal Trap, Blackburne Trap, also known as Legal Pseudo-Sacrifice and Legal Mate is a chess opening trap, characterized by a queen sacrifice followed by checkmate with minor pieces if Black accepts the sacrifice. The trap is named after Sire de Légal (1702–1792), a French player. Joseph Henry Blackburne (1841–1924) was a British master, and one of the world's strongest players in the latter part of the 19th century.
The original game was Légal against Saint Brie in Paris 1750, went as follows:
Sometimes the mate can be administered by a different piece. This game came from the Petrov's Defence; and is very old:
8. ELEPHANT TRAP
9. RUBINSTEIN TRAP
The Rubinstein Trap is a chess opening trap in the Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense. Black loses a pawn after Nxd5 due to the threat of his queen being trapped on the back rank by Bc7. The black queen would be attacked by a white bishop while being hemmed in by its own pieces.
The trap takes its name from Akiba Rubinstein, who had the misfortune of falling into it twice, in the games Euwe–Rubinstein, Bad Kissingen 1928, and Alekhine–Rubinstein, San Remo 1930. Rubinstein was not the first to fall victim to the trap, as the first recorded game featuring the trap is Amos Burn – Heinrich Wolf, Ostend 1905.
Euwe–Rubinstein, Bad Kissingen 1928:
10. MORTIMER TRAP
The Mortimer Trap is a chess opening trap in the Ruy Lopez named after James Mortimer. The Mortimer Trap is a true trap in the sense that Black deliberately plays an inferior move hoping to trick White into making a mistake.
11. NOAH'S ARK TRAP
The Noah's Ark Trap is a chess opening trap in the Ruy Lopez. The name is actually used to describe a family of traps in the Ruy Lopez in which a white bishop is trapped on the b3-square by black pawns.
The origin of the name is uncertain. The shape of the black pawns on a6, b5, and c4 may resemble an ark, or the name may suggest that the trap is "old as Noah's Ark".
12. TARRASCH TRAP
Tarrasch Trap refers to two different chess opening traps in the Ruy Lopez that are named for Siegbert Tarrasch. Unlike many variations that appear only in analysis, Tarrasch actually sprung his traps against masters in tournament games.
Tarrasch Trap in the Open Variation
Tarrasch Trap in the Steinitz Variation
The second Tarrasch Trap occurs in the Steinitz Variation. Tarrasch published analysis of this trap in 1891, but 18 months later Marco fell into it in Tarrasch–Marco Dresden 1892. Tarrasch spent just 5 minutes of thinking for the whole game.
13. ROMBAUA TRAP
The Rombaua trap is a chess trap in the Marshall Attack for Black against the very popular Ruy Lopez opening of White. Black surprises the opponent on his 13th move by making a greek gift sacrifice, 13...Bxh2+, instead of the standard 13...Qh4. An article about this trap entitled Greek Gift helped Marshall win in Ruy Lopez can be seen in a user's blog site at chess.com. It is also listed in Tuxedo Knight, a web site on chess puzzles, traps, and games and cited with a Trap ID No. 14: - Rombaua Trap in Ruy Lopez.
14. MAGNUS SMITH TRAP
15. SIBERIAN TRAP
The Siberian Trap is a chess opening trap. After a series of natural moves in the Smith-Morra Gambit of the Sicilian Defence, White can lose a queen. The name appears to result from Boris Schipkov of Novosibirsk.
16. WÜRZBURGER TRAP