Chess Rules for Beginners

Chess Rules for Beginners

Jan 28, 2016, 8:45 AM |

Chess is the most intelligent game ever invented. It has a lot of things that are similar to life. It trains you to use all your resources to the maximum extent. Learning chess rules will help you build a strong foundation in chess.


Many students do not have clear picture on these rules at their beginning stages. That is why RCA decided to help beginners with basic chess rules. Chess teaches you administration and to extract work from your subordinates. It is a battle between two monarchs. The king manages the troops. He plans the operation and executes it.


Evolution of chess rules


The rules of chess have evolved much over the centuries, from the early chess-like games played in India in the 6th century. For much of that time, the rules varied from area to area. The modern rules first took form in Italy during the 13th century, giving more mobility to pieces that previously had more restricted movement (such as the queen and bishop). Such modified rules entered into an accepted form during the late-15th or early 16th century.


chess rules for beginners

The basic moves of the king, rook, and knight remain unchanged. Pawns originally did not have the option of moving two squares on their first move and when promoted by reaching the eighth rank, could become a queen only.


The chessboard


Chess is played on a square board divided into 64 squares (eight-by-eight) of alternating color. No matter what the actual colors of the board, the lighter-colored squares are called “light” or “white” and the darker-colored squares are called “dark” or “black”.


Sixteen White and sixteen Black pieces are placed on the board at the beginning of the game.The board is placed so that a white square is in each player’s bottom-right corner.


Horizontal rows are called ranks and vertical rows are called files. According to FIDE equipment standards, the length of side of a square should be twice the length of the diameter of the base of a pawn.



chess board


Symbols of chess pieces

symbol of chess pieceschess piece, or chessman, is any of the 32 movable objects deployed on a chessboard used to play the game of chess. In a standard game of chess, each of the two players begins a game with the following 16 pieces:


  • 1 king
  • 1 queen
  • 2 rooks
  • 2 bishops
  • 2 knights
  • 8 pawns


Arrangements of pieces


At the beginning of the game, the pieces are arranged as shown in the diagram: for each side one king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns. The pieces are placed, one on a single square, as follows:


  • The rooks are placed on the outside corners, right and left edge.
  • The knights are placed immediately inside the rooks.
  • The bishops are placed immediately inside the knights.
  • The queen is placed on the central square of the same color of that of the player: White queen on the white square and Black queen on the black square.
  • The king takes the vacant spot next to the queen.
  • The pawns are placed one square in front of all of the other pieces.

starting position of chess game

This is the starting position of the game


You cannot place more than one piece on a square at any time.




You can also download the PDF version of the above slide here