Top 5 Chess Players Of All Time
There are many tales on the birth of chess – some consider India to be the home country of this highly engaging game, others believe that it originated in China. Theories aside, the first known mention of chess as we, more or less, know it today dates back to 15th century when it already was considered a prestigious pastime of nobility. In mid-19th century it was first recognized as a sport which is nowadays played by over 605 million adults worldwide. Today, we come with a countdown of the best chess players of all time.
5. Alexander Alekhine
Born in 1892, he is considered by many the father of modern chess, as his style, positional mastery, as well as the endgame are still admired by his followers and many contemporary top chess players. In 1927, he won the match against Jose Capablanca and became the fourth World Chess Champion and held the title until 1935 when he lost to Max Euwe. Apart from being one of the best chess players in history, Alekhine was also chess theoretician who wrote over 20 books on how to improve performance.
4. Robert Fischer
1963 was a groundbreaking year in Robert Fischer's professional career. When he was 20 years old, he won the 1963–64 U.S. championship with unprecedented perfect score of 11/11 which paved the way towards a blooming success in the world of chess. In 1971, Fisher was appointed number one chess player by World Chess Federation (FIDE). Apart from spectacular career as a professional chess player, he is known for improving the outdated chess timing system as well as inventing Chess960, also known as Fischer Random Chess, which is a chess variation that equally engages players' talent, creativity and tactical knowledge.
3. José Raúl Capablanca
Born in 1888 in Havana, Jose Raul Capablanca is considered one of the greatest chess players of all time. Despite the claims that his performance lacked complexity, he earned the title of the third World Champion and until this day is remembered for his highly tactical endgame and position play. Apart from that, the best Cuban chess player of all time is said to have the lowest average error rate in the history of modern chess.
2. Magnus Carlsen
The third youngest grandmaster in the history and the current World Chess Champion since 2013, Magnus Carlsen undeniably has an impressive scoreboard. Born in 1990, he won the grandmaster title in 2004 and 10 years later he achieved the highest rating score of 2882, beating the legendary Kasparov, Fischer, and Capablanca. Carlsen's style, once aggressive and offensive developed with time into a universal hybrid of mastery, ingenuity and thoughtfulness.
1. Garry Kasparov
Garry Kasparov, Russian chess grandmaster, continuously takes the first spot on the lists of top world chess players in the history of sport. Beyond the reasonable doubt he is the most recognisable professional who brought chess game to the next level. At the age of 22 he won a prestigious title of the World Champion, at the same time being the youngest player in the history of modern chess to ever achieve that. Throughout the next 19 years of his extremely successful career, between 1986 and 2005 he held the title of top chess player for 225 out of 228 months.
Over the years chess has had a number of exciting moments in its history, however it is Garry Kasparov who deservedly closes our countdown of top 5 chess players of all time and proudly complements world-class chess hall of fame. Do you have your favourite chess player?
This post was written by Sophia Mest of BizDb