# Long algebraic notation for chess

Some computer programs (and people) use a variant of algebraic chess notation termed *long algebraic notation* or *fully expanded algebraic notation*. In long algebraic notation, moves specify both the starting and ending squares separated by a hyphen, for example:**e2-e4** or **Nb1-c3**. Captures are still indicated using "x": **Rd3xd7**.

The long notation takes more space and thus is not as commonly used. However, it has the advantage of clarity, particularly for less-skilled players or players learning the game. Some books using primarily short algebraic notation use the long notation instead of the disambiguation forms described earlier.