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Opening Cheat Sheet

whiteravenx
Aug 18, 2014, 3:54 PM 5

Opening Up the Board with Open Chess Games

In chess, open games are defined by the moves 1.e4 e5. Many of these chess matches feature open files, ranks, or diagonals that facilitate piece movement. People who enjoy attacking early and often are typically drawn to open games.

Opening Name

Opening Moves

Alapin’s Opening

1.e4 e5 2.Ne2

Bishop’s Opening

1.e4 e5 2.Bc4

Damiano Defense

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f6

Danish Gambit

1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 dxc3 4.Bc4

Evans Gambit

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4

Elephant Gambit

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.c3

Falkbeer Counter-Gambit

1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5

Four Knights Game

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6

Giuoco Piano

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5

Göring Gambit

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.c3

Greco Counter Gambit (or Latvian Gambit)

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5

Hungarian Defense

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Be7

King’s Gambit

1.e4 e5 2.f4

Petroff Defense

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6

Philidor Defense

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6

Queen’s Pawn Counter-Gambit

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d5

Ruy López

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5

Scandinavian Defense (or Center Counter Defense)

1.e4 d5

Scotch Gambit

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4

Scotch Game

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Nxd4

Three Knights Game

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Bb4

Two Knights Defense

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6

Vienna Game

1.e4 e5 2.Nc3

Picking a Fight with Semi-Open Chess Games

Semi-open chess games are those in which White plays 1.e4, but Black doesn’t respond with 1.…e5. These chess openings typically result in asymmetrical games where finding the right plan may be difficult. Players who like complications, and mixing it up, often adopt a semi-open defense.

Opening Name

Opening Moves

Alekhine’s Defense

1.e4 Nf6

Caro-Kann Defense

1.e4 c6

French Defense

1.e4 e6

Modern Defense

1.e4 g6

Nimzowitsch Defense

1.e4 Nc6

Owen Defense

1.e4 b6

Pirc Defense

1.e4 d6

Sicilian Defense

1.e4 c5

Applying Strategy with Closed Chess Games

Chess openings that occur after the moves 1.d4 d5 often result in closed games. These games emphasize maneuvering because pawn exchanges are delayed. Players who prefer strategic clashes to tactical melees like closed chess games.

Opening Name

Opening Moves

Albin Counter-Gambit

1.d4 d5 2.c4 e5 3.dxe5 d4

Blackmar-Diemer Gambit

1.d4 d5 2.e4 dxe4 3.f3

Chigorin Defense

1.d4 d5 2.c4 Nc6

Colle System

1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.e3 c5 4.c3

London System

1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Bf4

Queen’s Gambit Accepted

1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4

Queen’s Gambit Declined

1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6

Slav Defense

1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6

Restricting Movement with Semi-Closed Chess Games

Semi-closed chess games are those in which White plays 1.d4 and Black responds with anything other than 1.…d5. As with semi-open games, these openings can result in asymmetrical positions that can become quite complicated. They appeal to the player who likes to counterattack.

Opening Name

Opening Moves

Benko Gambit

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 b5

Benoni Defense

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5

Blumenfeld Gambit

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 c5 4.d5 b5

Bogo-Indian Defense

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Bb4+

Budapest Gambit

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e5

Catalan System

1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.g3

Döry Defense

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Ne4

Dutch Defense

1.d4 f5

Grünfeld Defense

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5

King’s Indian Defense

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7

Nimzo-Indian Defense

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4

Old Indian Defense

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 d6

Queen’s Indian Defense

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6

Torre Attack

1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.Bg5

Trompowsky Attack

1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5

Veresov Attack

1.d4 d5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bg5

Favoring the Sides with Flank Chess Games

In chess, the openings for flank games avoid or delay moving either the d-pawn or the e-pawn to the fourth rank. They appeal to chess players who want to play their system regardless of how Black responds.

 

Opening Name

Opening Moves

Anderssen Opening

1.a3

Barcza System

1.Nf3 d5 2.g3

Bird Opening

1.f4

Dunst Opening

1.Nc3

Durkin Opening

1.Na3

English Opening

1.c4

From Gambit

1.f4 e5

Grob Attack

1.g4

King’s Fianchetto

1.g3

Larsen Opening

1.b3

Réti Opening

1.Nf3 d5 2.c4

Saragossa Opening

1.c3

Sokolsky’s Opening

1.b4

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