Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Last place

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    In 1851, at the first International Chess Tournament, Eduard Loewe, M. Brodie, E.S. Kennedy, Samuel Newham, and Carl Mayet all got knocked out without a single win in 2 games.  In 1857, at the 1st American Chess Congress, James Thompson and S... Read More »

  • Mephisto

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    The best of the automatons.  It was operated from another room by electro-mechanical means.  It entered the County Chess Association held in England in 1878 and won.  Isidor Gunsberg (1854-1930) was the operator.  He operated i... Read More »

  • Peru

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    In 1997, the Japanese ambassador’s mansion in Lima was taken over by a terrorist  group (Tupac Amaru rebels), where 75 hostages were held.  A chess set was delivered during the hostage crises.  Embedded in the chess pieces were tiny microphon... Read More »

  • Horwitz, Bernard

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    Bernhard Horwitz (1807-1885) was a German-born card player(specialized in miniatures) and chess study composer.    In 1845, he settled in England and began teaching chess.  In 1846, he lost as match with Howard Staunton, losing 14 games, winni... Read More »

  • Mackenzie, George Henry

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    George Henry Mackenzie was born on March 24, 1834 in North Kessock, Scotland.  In 1856, at the age of 19, he purchased a commission in the 60th Rifles (the King’s Royal Rifle Corps).  He served as a Lieutenant in the British army, ... Read More »

  • Tal, Mikhail

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    Mikhail Tal (1936-1992) was a Grandmaster (1957) without being an International Master first.  Tal was not an IM when he won the 24th USSR championship in Moscow in 1957 at the age of 21.  FIDE made an exception to the regulations and aw... Read More »

  • Abrahamyan, Tatev

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    Tatev Abrahamyan is a Woman’s International Master (WIM) who was born in Yerevan, Armenia on January 13, 1988.  In 2005, she tied for 1st in the U.S. Women’s Chess Championship, but lost the play-off match to Rusudan Goletiani. In... Read More »

  • List of chess variants

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    A chess variant (or unorthodox chess) is a game "related to, derived from or inspired by chess".[2] The difference from chess might include one or more of the following: different rules for capture, move order, game objective, etc.; addition... Read More »

  • Ingo system

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    The first chess rating system.  It was introduced by Anton Hoesslinger in 1948 and named after his birthplace of Inglostadt, Bavaria.  It was first described in Bayerische Schacht chess magazine.  In this system, the lower ratings ... Read More »

  • Manhattan Chess Club

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    Founded on November 24, 1877 at the Café Logeling in New York City.   Dues were $4 a year.  On December 7, 1877 the members voted for the name of the chess club to be the Manhattan Chess Club (the other choices were Morphy Chess Club and Metro... Read More »