Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Windmill

    • 35 Reads
    • | 35 Reads

    A windmill is a tactic where a series of checks is made repeating the position, but unlike a perpetual check (which leads to a draw) with each repetition of the position a material or positional advantage is obtained. for example:     &... Read More »

  • Robatsch Defence

    • 35 Reads
    • | 35 Reads

    In the Robatsch Defense, named after Karl Robatsch, also known as the Modern Defense, Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4. Black's hope is to attack and undermine White's "ideal" position without directly attempting to... Read More »

  • Philippines

    • 34 Reads
    • | 34 Reads

    The first national chess championship of the Philippines was held in 1947 and won by Horacio Tagle.  The Philippine Chess Federation has a dress code for chessplayers. They have outlawed slippers, T-shirts, and vests in their chess events.&nb... Read More »

  • Abonyi, Istvan

    • 34 Reads
    • | 34 Reads

    Istvan Abonyi (1886-1942) was a Hungarian master.  He was born and died in Budapest.  In 1912, he played the Abonyi Gambit (1.Nf3 d5 2.e4) for the first time. In 1916, he played the Budapest Gambit (1.a3 Nf6 2.b3 e5) against  the Dutch surge... Read More »

  • Zukertort, Johannes

    • 34 Reads
    • | 34 Reads

    Johannes Zukertort (1842-1888) was a chess master, physician, pianist, magazine editor, music critic, linguist, swordsman and marksman.  He was fluent in   English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Russian, Sa... Read More »

  • Daly, Harlow B.

    • 33 Reads
    • | 33 Reads

    Harlow Bussey Daly was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts on December 2, 1883,  He is perhaps the oldest person to win a state chess championship.  In 1959 and 1960, he won the Maine championship.  In 1968 he won the Championship of ... Read More »

  • Alekhina, Natalia

    • 33 Reads
    • | 33 Reads

    Natalia Vladimirovna Alekhina, born Nov 3, 1954, is a Woman Grandmaster (WGM) from Russia.  In 1984, she was awarded the Woman International Master title.  She is married to GM Sergey Archipov.  In 1997, she won the Moscow champions... Read More »

  • Time limit

    • 32 Reads
    • | 32 Reads

    The Anderssen-Kolisch match in 1861 was the first time a time-limit was used.  An hour-glass gave each player 2 hours to make 24 moves.  Tumbling clocks were introduced at London in 1883.  The modern chess clock was introduced in 19... Read More »

  • Vienna 1882

    • 32 Reads
    • | 32 Reads

    One of the strongest chess tournaments of all time.  It was called the Second International Chess Tournament and was the strongest chess tournament up to that time.  The top 9 players in the world participated.  It was won by Steini... Read More »

  • Yugoslavia

    • 32 Reads
    • | 32 Reads

    In 1271 Svetoslav Surinj beat the Venetian Doge, Peter II, in a chess match and won the right to rule the Dalmatian towns of Yugoslavia.  A chessboard appears in the Croation coat of arms.  The first Yugoslav championship was held in 194... Read More »