Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Italy

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    Italian chess players dominated the game during the first two centuries of the modern game.  The players included Pedro Damiano (1500?-1544), Paolo Boi (1528-1598), Giulio Polerio (1550-1610), Leonardo da Cutro (1552-1597), Alessandro Salvio ... Read More »

  • Bundesliga

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    German national team chess tournament, which began in 1975.  Chess Bundesliga (Schach Bundesliga) is the strongest and longest running league chess championship in the world.  Grandmasters from around the world are recruited to play in t... Read More »

  • Nimzovich, Aron

    • 36 Reads
    • | 36 Reads

    Aron Nimzovich (1886-1935) was the founder of the hypermodern movement in chess and author of My System.  He would stand on his head during chess events and did exercises in the tournament room.  After losing a game against Saemisch in B... Read More »

  • Backward Pawn

    • 36 Reads
    • | 36 Reads

    A pawn which cannot be protected by its neighbouring pawns because they have advanced further up the board. A backward pawn can become a weakness, but sometimes other factors can compensate.  Some opening variations allow backward pawns to occur... Read More »

  • Philippines

    • 35 Reads
    • | 35 Reads

    The first national chess championship of the Philippines was held in 1947 and won by Horacio Tagle.  The Philippine Chess Federation has a dress code for chessplayers. They have outlawed slippers, T-shirts, and vests in their chess events.&nb... Read More »

  • Abonyi, Istvan

    • 35 Reads
    • | 35 Reads

    Istvan Abonyi (1886-1942) was a Hungarian master.  He was born and died in Budapest.  In 1912, he played the Abonyi Gambit (1.Nf3 d5 2.e4) for the first time. In 1916, he played the Budapest Gambit (1.a3 Nf6 2.b3 e5) against  the Dutch surge... Read More »

  • Zukertort, Johannes

    • 35 Reads
    • | 35 Reads

    Johannes Zukertort (1842-1888) was a chess master, physician, pianist, magazine editor, music critic, linguist, swordsman and marksman.  He was fluent in   English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Russian, Sa... Read More »

  • Vienna 1882

    • 34 Reads
    • | 34 Reads

    One of the strongest chess tournaments of all time.  It was called the Second International Chess Tournament and was the strongest chess tournament up to that time.  The top 9 players in the world participated.  It was won by Steini... Read More »

  • Daly, Harlow B.

    • 34 Reads
    • | 34 Reads

    Harlow Bussey Daly was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts on December 2, 1883,  He is perhaps the oldest person to win a state chess championship.  In 1959 and 1960, he won the Maine championship.  In 1968 he won the Championship of ... Read More »

  • Alekhina, Natalia

    • 34 Reads
    • | 34 Reads

    Natalia Vladimirovna Alekhina, born Nov 3, 1954, is a Woman Grandmaster (WGM) from Russia.  In 1984, she was awarded the Woman International Master title.  She is married to GM Sergey Archipov.  In 1997, she won the Moscow champions... Read More »