14102 Players currently online!
Man vs. Machine - good luck!
Turn-based games at any time!
Vote for the best move to win!
Do you have what it takes?
Sharpen your tactical vision!
Get advice and game insights!
Learn from top players & pros!
View millions of master games!
Your virtual chess coach!
Perfect your opening moves!
Test your skills vs. computer!
Find the right private coach!
Can you solve it each day?
Bring it all together!
Beginners, start here!
Make friends & play team games!
News from the world of chess!
Search all Chess.com members!
Find local clubs & events!
Who's the best of your friends?
Read what members are saying!
This is Paul Morphy's only known Chess Problem, originally published in the New York Clipper on June 28, 1856
White to move and mate in 2
(drag the pieces to solve)
@bat girl ..ok n thnks 4 d information,
"@bat girl ....Morphy created tis puzzle at d age of 10 not 18...."Senthiloo7, first, I wrote that the problem was published in 1856 (when Paul was 19, not 18); second, Paul composed it at around age 12, not 10.
Here's the letter Ernest Morphy sent with the problem to Napoleon Marache, the chess editor of the "Clipper":N. Marache, Esq.Chess Editor of the New York ClipperDear Sir:For years past Mr. Rousseau, on account of important and arduous duties, and myself as a votary of rural life, have both given up playing chess. My nephew, Paul Morphy, who is incontestably our superior, now holds the scepter of chess in New Orleans. In May, 1850, when only thirteen years of age, he played three games with the celebrated Hungarian player, Mr. Lowenthal. The first game was drawn, and two others gloriously won by Paul.You have herewith one of these games - unfortunately the only one recorded - and a two-move enigma composed as far bacm as 1849.Yours most sincerelyErnest MorphyMoscow, Clermont County, OhioJune 10, 1856
@bat girl ....Morphy created tis puzzle at d age of 10 not 18....
Paul Morphy was a true genious. He did not rule the chess world for long but the few years he participated actively showed his depth of logic. He was the forerunner of logical chess and was the pioneer in this field and idol for players like Capablanca and Fischer.
at first some people would think this mate is gonna be hard but then they find out that the mate is REALY easy.
I like this!
Morphy rocks. =D
Zugswang! That's the most appropriate term.
Paul Morphy wasn't a problemist, though people who knew him did mention that he was particularly good at solving problems. This is his only known problem (it was argued at one time that it wasn't actually his - however, that has been all lain to rest) which he created at age 18. While there's a certain elegance in its simplicity, Morphy has, at times, been criticized for its lack of complexity.
I say, just enjoy the puzzle.
Elegant. At first you see no mate, but then you realize Black's in zugzwang. A waiting move almost works because any bishop move loses: 1.Ra3 Bd5? 2.Rxa7#. The problem is that Black can escape with 1...a6.
The only way to prevent a6 is the seemingly crazy waiting move 1.Ra6! Now a6 is out, and if Black makes a bishop move it's mate as before: 1.Ra6! Bd5 2.Rxa7#. But what if Black captures the rook? 1.Ra6! bxa6 2.b7#.
If Black could "pass", he would, and there would be no immediate mate.
Not bad. I liked that one. It made me laugh.
S B C NC, U.S.A.
View complete profile
Links: Paul Morphy A History of Blitz Articles about Women and Chess
The Queen of ChessPart IPart IIPart IIIPart IV
The Ladies' Chess Club of LondonThe First YearThe Early YearsThe Middle YearsLadies' Entry into the Chess World
Prince Dadian's Unknown GamesPt. IPt. IIPt. IIIPt. IVPt. VPt. VIPt. VII
The Childhood of Russian ChessPart IPart IIPart IIIPart IVPart V
Romantic ChessThe Dreaded CunninghamBertin Gambit: What Would You Give for an AttackVillemsom's Gambit in the KGAThe King's Gambit, Classically DeclinedKing's Gambit TalkPetrov's Defense in the King's GambitMuzio Madness Pt.IMuzio Madness Pt.IIMuzio Madness Pt.IIIMorphy's MuziosThe Bishops Gambit: pre-1900Eisenberg's Gambit
Develpment of Western ChessGioacchino Greco Philidor Deschapelles The Professor of ChessLouis-Charles Mahe de La BourdonnaisGeorge Walker -by HJR MurrayWilliam Lewis -by HJR MurrayHoward Staunton - by HJR MurrayParsloe's Coffee-House by MurrayMedieval Chess Stories by MurrayThe Courier Game by MurrayH.J.R. MurrayThe Ups and Downs of John Henry Huttmann
Opening ExplorerGame ExplorerGame Database
Terms Of ServiceSubmit a Ticket
Why Join | Chess Topics |
Help & Support |
© 2014 Chess.com
• Chess - English
We are working hard to make Chess.com available in over 70 languages. Check back over the year as we develop the technology to add more, and we will try our best to notify you when your language is ready for translating!