Chess is a game of patterns. Pattern recognition is one of the most important skills that makes a master. It's not inherent; it's learned. Mating patterns, tactical patterns, strategical patterns, endgame patterns, technique patterns make the difference between having to spend 10-20 minutes to analyze the position throughly and seeing learned positions almost instantly.
You learn soemthing not by gathering bits of information about it and storing them somewhere for later use, but by putting the bits of information you know into practice and using them when necessary.
Here is our first position in what will hopefully be at least a few hundred:
If it is not familiar to you already, try to solve the position without moving the pieces.
You will find the whole game and the final move at: