I really love chess, and especially i love to learn openings, or learn the point of every move. Almost everywhere i learn openings and analsys, i see the words major and minor pieces. I don't really know what does it mean and it makes the studing harder, so i would like to know what are minor and major pieces :)
Pieces are non-pawns (and not the king). So when a player says "I was down a piece" it means they've lost quite a bit! If they've only lost a pawn they'll just say "I was down a pawn."
The 4 pieces (queen, rook, bishop, knight) are divided into major (or heavy) and minor pieces.
The major (or heavy) pieces are the queen and rooks.
The minor pieces are the bishops and knights.
thanks a lot :)