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FIDE Title Regulations effective from 1 July 2017

As approved by the 1982 General Assembly and amended by the General Assemblies of 1984 through 2016, effective from 1 July 2017.




Only the titles as in 0.3 are acknowledged by FIDE.


The following regulations can only be altered by the General Assembly following recommendation by the Qualification Commission (QC).



Any such changes shall only be made every fourth year, commencing from 2004 (unless the Commission agrees urgent action is required).



Any such changes shall take effect from 1 July of the year following the decision by the General Assembly. For tournaments, such changes shall apply to those starting on or after that date.


The International FIDE titles shall be under the umbrella of the Qualification Commission, which is the final judging unit. The titles are:



Titles for over-the-board standard chess (as defined in the Laws of Chess), the judging unit being the QC:
Grandmaster (GM), International Master (IM), FIDE Master (FM), Candidate Master (CM), Woman Grandmaster (WGM), Woman International Master (WIM), Woman FIDE Master (WFM), Woman Candidate Master (WCM).

0.5 Definitions


In the following text some special terms are used.
Rating performance is based on the player’s result and average rating of opponents (see 1.48).
Title performance (for example, GM performance) is a result that gives a performance rating as defined in 1.48 and 1.49 against the minimum average of the opponents, taking into account article 1.46, for that title. For example, for GM performance, average rating of the opponents ≥2380, and performance ≥2600, this might be achieved, for example, by a result of 7 points out of 9 games.
GM performance is ≥ 2600 performance against opponents with average rating ≥ 2380.
IM performance is ≥ 2450 performance against opponents with average rating ≥ 2230.
WGM performance is ≥ 2400 performance against opponents with average rating ≥ 2180.
WIM performance is ≥ 2250 performance against opponents with average rating ≥ 2030.


Title norm is a title performance fulfilling additional requirements concerning the mix of titled players and nationalities as specified in articles 1.42 to 1.47.


Direct title (automatic title) is a title gained by achieving a certain place or result in a tournament. For example, winning, or achieving a result ≥50 percent in a tournament. On application by the player’s federation and confirmation by the Qualification Commission, such titles are awarded automatically by FIDE.



The Award of Titles



Titles may be awarded for specific results in specific Championship events, or are awarded on achieving a rating as laid down in these regulations. Such titles are confirmed by the QC Chairman on advice from the FIDE Office. They are then awarded by FIDE.


For a direct title to be awarded immediately an applicant has to have achieved at some time or other a minimum rating as follows:

GM  2300  WGM  2100
IM  2200  WIM  2000
FM  2100  WFM  1900
CM  2000 WCM  1800

If an applicant is rated lower the title is awarded conditionally and will be awarded finally on request by the respective federation as soon as the minimum rating is achieved.  Any player with a conditional title may take a lower title when they reach the required rating for that lower title.



Titles are also awarded based on applications with norms with a sufficient number of games. These titles shall be awarded by the General Assembly on recommendation by the QC that the candidate meets the requirements. The Presidential Board or Executive Board may award titles in clear cases only, after consultation with the QC.