Serbia, Bulgaria Triumph; Carlsen Takes Gold On Board 1
Carlsen took individual gold in one of the top team events for the first time in his career. Image: ECU YouTube.

Serbia, Bulgaria Triumph; Carlsen Takes Gold On Board 1

| 46 | Chess Event Coverage

Tenth-seed Serbia has won the 2023 European Team Chess Championship after finishing a single tiebreak point ahead of Germany, which took silver despite remaining unbeaten and winning their head-to-head clash. Team chess specialists Armenia took bronze, while GM Magnus Carlsen won the individual gold medal on Board 1. Bulgaria, which needed a wildcard to play, took gold in the Women's section, ahead of Azerbaijan (silver) and France (bronze).

The European Team Chess Championship in Budva, Montenegro, is over. Let's take a look at seven conclusions:

1. Serbia Justified Their Status As A Dark Horse

Serbia won their first-ever European Team Championship medal, and it was gold. Photo: ECU.

"Serbia has become a dark horse to win in Budva with the addition of GMs Alexey Sarana and Alexandr Predke," we noted in our first report on the tournament, and so it proved, as the 10th-seeded team won seven out of nine matches to claim the title. 

Final Standings Open (Top 12)

Rk. Seed FED Team Matches + = - Points TB
1 10 Serbia 9 7 1 1 15 228
2 3 Germany 9 6 3 0 15 227
3 5 Armenia 9 5 3 1 13 196.5
4 11 Poland 9 5 2 2 12 179.5
5 13 Czech Republic 9 5 2 2 12 165
6 4 England 9 4 3 2 11 204.5
7 7 France 9 5 1 3 11 196.5
8 2 Romania 9 4 3 2 11 193.5
9 12 Hungary 9 4 3 2 11 185.5
10 14 Croatia 9 4 3 2 11 177.5
11 23 Georgia 9 5 1 3 11 169.5
12 17 Greece 9 5 1 3 11 168.5

The two former Russian players were in top form, with Predke only spoiling a rock-solid event on top board by trying to play for a win in the final round when he thought his team was in trouble. Sarana did Sarana things, scoring 100 percent with the white pieces for a gold medal on board two and the second-highest rating performance of anyone in Budva (2810). 

It was Sarana's defense with Black that helped Serbia to a win over co-leaders England in the penultimate round after GM Velimir Ivic (a gold medalist on board five) gave Serbia the lead by beating GM Ravi Haria.  

GM David Howell was one, and then two pawns up, with Carlsen noting he'd made a "Grind Like A Grandmaster" Chessable course with the English GM and, "I was thinking, David is loving this!"

Howell couldn't grind out a win this time. Photo: Deutscher Schachbund.

The fun stopped, however, when Sarana spotted a trick to end the game.

The final round was mayhem, with Predke by no means wrong to think his teammates had problems. In the end, however, they all won!

GM Aleksandar Indjic was the hero, as he managed to turn around a lost position against GM Stamatis Kourkoulos-Arditis. The finish was wild.

The victory was particularly sweet for Sarana, who becomes the only player to win the European individual and team championships in the same year.

2. Germany Misses Out Amid Tiebreak Controversy

It was heartbreak for Germany, which came close to repeating their feat in 2011 and winning the European title. Germany also won its final two matches, over France and Croatia, to tie Serbia on 15 points. The team didn't lose a match and had beaten Serbia in the head-to-head encounter.

Germany did their job in the final round against Croatia. Photo: Deutscher Schachbund.

How would the teams be separated? It came down to the infamous "Olympiad-Sonneborn-Berger tiebreak," which is calculated by multiplying the score in each match by the opponent's final score. That's how the 2023 European champions were decided by an otherwise low-stakes matchup, Turkey vs. Iceland, and a game that lasted 111 moves.

A win for Black and Turkey would have defeated Iceland, which had been beaten 4-0 by Serbia. That would have cost Serbia points, but in the end the match was a draw, and Serbia won the title by a single tiebreak point.

Not for the first time, some observers complained that a system where the players and fans need to consult spreadsheets is less than ideal. 

Still, it was an excellent event for Germany and for GM Vincent Keymer in particular. The 19-year-old has climbed into the world top-15.

3. The Armenian Miracle Continues

More team medals for Armenia. Photo: ECU.

Bronze medals went to Armenia, the landlocked country of under three million people that continues to defy the odds to win team medals, even after their star player, GM Levon Aronian, switched to the U.S. Chess Federation. They lost just one match, to Germany, and their European medals come a year after Armenia pulled off the even more impressive feat of finishing runner-up at the 2022 FIDE World Chess Olympiad in Chennai.  

4. Carlsen Still Has Chess Goals

Carlsen skipped the final round, so that his tournament ended with a win over GM Jorden van Foreest, the world number-one's first pairing against a 2700-opponent in 18 games. 

In explaining why he didn't play in the final round for Norway, Carlsen revealed he's still chasing firsts:

"The reasons are mostly selfish, I would say. The first and most important reason is that unless Saric wins, I will get first place on board one, and I’ve never won an individual gold medal in European Teams or the Olympiad, so that would be something quite important to me. The second reason was that I was tired."

I’ve never won an individual gold medal in European Teams or the Olympiad, so that would be something quite important to me.

—Magnus Carlsen

Watch the full interview:

Carlsen's calculations were correct, and he did win the gold medal on board one with a tournament-best 2827 rating performance. It was even enough for him to pick up 0.6 rating points. 

"I also wanted to end on a high!" said the former world champion, and the last game was certainly that. The beautiful "Karpovian" effort is our Game of the Day, with analysis by GM Rafael Leitao.

Carlsen's year of classical chess had set some unwanted personal anti-records.

But at least it was over, with Carlsen's thoughts now turning to the Champions Chess Tour Finals in Toronto and then the World Rapid and Blitz in Uzbekistan. 

"I’m very happy not to play classical chess! I played so many games. Now I have two weeks' vacation, and then I’ll play some rapid and blitz for the rest of the year. I already woke up very nice, relaxed today, knowing that I didn’t have to play!"

5. Bulgaria Defied The Odds

The victory of number-five seeded Bulgaria in the Women's European Team Championship had shades of how GM Ding Liren became world champion. Ding didn't qualify for the Candidates, hadn't played the number of games needed to even be eligible to qualify, and then didn't win the Candidates—but the stars aligned so that he played a world championship match anyway. 

Bulgaria isn't a member of the European Chess Union, after a controversy stretching back eight years saw them expelled, but they were given a wildcard to play anyway. Then one of their top performers, WGM Viktoria Radeva, fell so ill during round six that she ended up in hospital and didn't play another game. Nothing could stop Bulgaria, however, since after a slow start—two draws in the first three matches—the team won the remaining six clashes to finish in clear first place.

Final Standings Women (Top 13)

Rk. Seed FED Team Matches + = - Points TB
1 5 Bulgaria 9 7 2 0 16 236
2 2 Azerbaijan 9 7 1 1 15 227
3 6 France 9 5 2 2 12 210
4 4 Ukraine 9 5 2 2 12 199
5 19 Greece 9 5 2 2 12 181.5
6 8 Poland 9 6 0 3 12 175.5
7 3 Germany 9 4 3 2 11 178
8 15 Serbia 9 5 1 3 11 171.5
9 11 Switzerland 9 4 3 2 11 169.5
10 1 Georgia 9 4 2 3 10 180
11 7 Armenia 9 4 2 3 10 174.5
12 9 Spain 9 5 0 4 10 169
13 13 England 9 4 2 3 10 138

That run included Bulgaria beating the two pacesetters, Azerbaijan and France, in consecutive rounds, and even in the final round things came down to the wire. Azerbaijan briefly looked set to snatch gold before WIM Gergana Peycheva managed to turn around a lost position and beat IM Lela Javakhishvili. France took bronze.

IM Nurgyul Salimova, who won four games in a row near the end, needn't have worried. 

This time it was first.

6. Women Stars Take Turns To Gain GM Norms

There were more winning streaks in the Women's event. We reported that Greek IM Stavroula Tsolakidou had made a GM norm in round seven after winning four games in a row. She then went on to lose to Azerbaijani IM Gunay Mammadzada, whose four wins in five games gave her a GM norm herself. Perhaps inevitably, there was a final twist!

7. It's Tough To Be A Favorite

The absence of Russian and Ukrainian teams had made the Azerbaijan men's team clear favorites to take gold, but instead they crashed and burned—suffering a stunning four defeats and bleeding over 50 rating points between them. GM Teimour Radjabov's 19-move loss to GM Nikolas Theodorou was their event in a nutshell, as the top seeds finished 18th.

Second-seeded Romania also failed to push on after not losing a single game in the first five rounds, though sometimes the margins were small. Any lingering medal hopes were ended when, in a promising position, GM Bogdan-Daniel Deac managed to lose on time, conceding defeat against Croatia. 

It was the same story in the Women's section for Georgia, which began as the clear top seed with a gaping 79-point gap in average rating to second-seeded Azerbaijan. They had finished runners-up to Russia in the last three European Team Championships, but now without Russia they went on to lose three matches and finish in 10th place—sometimes chess is just impossible to predict!    

How to replay the action?
You can replay the 2023 European Team Chess Championship on the European Chess Union YouTube channel. Games from the event can be viewed on our events page: Open | Women.

The 2023 European Team Chess Championship was a nine-round team tournament that took place in Budva, Montenegro, during November 11-20. All the European chess federations could field a team in the Open and Women's sections; matches were played on four boards. The time control was classical, with 90 minutes for 40 moves, 30 minutes to the end of the game, and a 30-second increment from move one. 

Previous Coverage:

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